a country on the West Coast of Africa, is one of the most thriving
democracies on the continent. It has often been referred to as an
"island of peace" in one of the most chaotic regions on earth. It
shares boundaries with Togo to the east, la Cote d'Ivoire to the west,
Burkina Faso to the north and the Gulf of Guinea, to the south. A recent discovery of oil in the Gulf of Guinea could make Ghana an important oil producer and exporter in the next few years.
country's economy is dominated by agriculture, which employs about 40
percent of the working population. Ghana is one of the leading
exporters of cocoa in the world. It is also a significant exporter of
commodities such as gold and lumber. A country covering an area of238,500 square kilometres, Ghana has an estimated population of 22 million, drawn from more than one hundred ethnic groups - each with its own unique language. English, however, is the official language, a legacy of British colonial rule.
In 1957, Ghana (formerly known as the Gold Coast) became the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to gain independence. After leading the country for nine years, the nation's founding president, Kwame Nkrumah was
overthrown in a coup d'etat in 1966. After Kwame Nkrumah, Ghana was
ruled by a series of military despots with intermittent experiments
with democratic rule, most of which were curtailed by military takeovers.
The latest and most enduring democratic experiment started in 1992 and
it is what has gained recognition for Ghana as a leading democracy in
Ghana has several tourist attractions such as thecastles. Most of the major international airlines fly
into and from the international airport in Accra. Domestic air travel
is thriving and the country has a vibrant telecommunications sector,
with five cellular phone operators and several internet service
System of government: Ghana is a parliamentary democratic republic.
Capital: With a population of around 1,970,400, Accra is the capital of Ghana.
Religion: Majority of the population are Christians (70%25), followed by Islam (15%25).
Official Language: English is the official language in Ghana.
Time Zone: The standard time of Ghana is the same as GMT.
The cedi (currency sign: ₵; currency code: GHS) is the unit of currency of Ghana. One cedi is divided into one hundred pesewas. Current exchange rates USD and EUR are as follows:
(February 22nd 2011)
1 US Dollar = 1.52320 Ghanaian New Cedi
1 Euro = 2.08392 Ghanaian New Cedi